Nature’s balance depends on a web of predatory animals that have teeth, claws, speed and other adaptations for catching their food. This balance also hinges on prey animals with clever defenses to avoid becoming food.
The Asian elephant has a finger-like tip on the end of its trunk; the African elephant has two. These trunk tips can pick up objects as small as a blade of elephant grass.
Different kinds of aquatic (water-dwelling) animals use similar tricks of the survival trade. This section demonstrates this point with a look an aquatic bird and a water-loving mammal.
The platypus has a venomous spur on each of its hind ankles. It is one of only three known egg-laying mammals. (The other two, called echidnas, look like small spiny anteaters.)
From deadly venoms to insect repellants to stink bombs, animals produce and use powerful chemicals to attack food and repel danger.
Among prides of lions, the female does most of the hunting.
In the wild world of nature, survival often depends on sitting in one place and looking like something you’re not. It’s all about adaptations that fool the eye.
Elephants can communicate with each other over a distance of six miles by broadcasting deep, low frequency, rumbling sounds.
Tusks, spines, and even sharp toenails are just some of the adaptations animals use, to defend themselves from predators.
Koalas sleep between 18 and 22 hours per day.
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